This year, your exam guide will be online here. I can still help you during class but let’s say you didn’t come to class or you forget what I said. You can come here and see all the details of your exam. In sha Allah, this will help you out. I will not tell you the answers but give you hints on what the questions will be like. So let’s begin.
During the year, we looked at making presentations and more importantly, how to give and make a great presentation. We can start off by limiting the amount of content in a slide. In each slide, we can have points and in each point we can have words. For each slide, we should have no more than 6 points. In each point, we should not have more than 6 words. This will help keep your audience focused on your presentation. Some people might think that having a super fancy presentation will win the people’s hearts over. The fact is that it doesn’t. If you have a presenter who is not prepared, nervous and giving bad body language. The audience will notice it and loose interest in whatever the presenter is trying to say. So the best tool you can have is yourself. You should give great body language, walk around the stage, ask questions and NEVER look at the screen.
When preparing for a presentation during the exam. You will need to watch your time. Since there is a lot of work to be done. Spending 5 minutes to find one picture will not help you. When looking for a picture, spend less than 1 minute for each picture. I am not marking you on how funny or awesome your picture is. I am marking you on if you can find a picture and insert it into your presentation.
You will not need to present to anyone but just show me that you are capable of using the software and follow instructions. You may be also asked to find information online. Please don’t spend too much time researching information. Look at the time and estimate how much time you can spend.
Finding information can be easy. You just go to a search engine and type whatever you want. Up comes a result and you copy and paste. There is more to that though. If you came across an article that does not have the correct information. How could you tell? There are some simple ways to find out.
- Reliable source – what website / author are you reading? Is this information reliable or not?
- Misleading – Is the information different from another source? Look at other sources to find out if they are both in agreement
- Up to date – If the information is outdated, then it cannot be trusted. Try looking for information that is the most up to date
- Purpose – Does the author have a motive? Some people give information that they have a strong opinion about. If the person likes cats, he is most likely going to say good things about cats, even though there may be something bad about cats.
- Bias (Qualitative) – Information that is from an opinion or personal choice
- Non-Bias (Quantitative) – Information that can be measured and backed up
Desktop Publishing Software (DTP)
We used DTP for a short while making a newspaper article. It works a bit different than Microsoft Word (MS Word). We used frames to add content to our document. There were 5 different types:
We have 4 types of devices. Motors, Sensors, Output and Input Devices. Let’s start with…
A motor is a device that can move something. The motor can move something either in a rotational or linear way. Rotational movement could be like a clock. Linear movement could be like a automatic door or a DVD player ejecting a disk. All motors spin. When you put different parts to it, it can change the movement direction.
Sensors detect changes in the environment to perform an action. There are different types like sound, light, motion and temperature sensors. Each one with its own purpose.
Input & Output Devices
Input devices will tell a device to turn off or on. Some examples could be a lever, a switch, a knob or a button. So, if I pressed a button (input device) it could switch on a light or turn on a motor. Sensors are similar to input devices but they are automatic. While input devices like buttons or knobs will need someone or something to activate it.
Output devices are anything that outputs something. It could be a light bulb, a receipt printer, a speaker or anything else that outputs something.
When using Flowgrid or any other flowchart software. There are some shapes we’ll need to know. The square is for processes like beeps and delays. The ellipse is for start and stop. The diamond is for sensors and input devices. The Parallelogram is for output devices.
In the exam, you will be given a flowchart that you’ll need to complete. Study what i just wrote and in sha Allah, you’ll be okay.
ICT in the Real World
We use ICT throughout our daily lives. From waking up and to going to bed. Let’s look at some of the applications we use in our lives.
- Alarm Clock – We either use a phone or clock to wake us up. No more roosters
- Shower – If you like a warm shower, then you’ll need to use a water heater
- Car – Your car is packed full of ICT. From electronic ignition, power steering, ABS brakes, on-board computer and the beep beep sound it makes when backing up.
- School bell – It works on a timer that will help you get to class when you need to.
- Athan – Hearing the Athan will most likely come from a loud speaker
- Lights – At nighttime you’ll need lights to not bump into walls or steps on small toys.
Some places use ICT to protect us. At a police station, they use it to track bad dudes, scan car license plates, call for backup, keep the bad dudes in prison and get dispatched when an emergency comes up.
We need to look at formulas, how to use them and how to set them up. Any formula using MS Excel will start off with a “=” this is because if i put 2+2, that won’t give me an answer. It’s like if the Teacher put on the board 10+10. But what should I do with that? It would make more sense if the Teacher put 10+10=? That equal sign tells you that you need to figure something out. Makes sense?
We also have some mathematical symbols that we use. We got +, -, *, /. I hope you know what + and – means (add and subtract). We got * also known as multiplication and / also known as division. There is no divide symbol on the keyboard, and it also looks like a fractional number. eg. 1/2=50%. * stands for multiplication because it cannot be x. That’s because when using formulas we need to use numbers. x is not a number or symbol. It’s a letter of the alphabet. That won’t do.
When opening a spreadsheet. There are some parts of it we’ll need to know. A cell is the smallest part of it because a cell is the smallest living organism. A column, that is a collection of cells in a vertical orientation. A row which is a collection of cells in a horizontal orientation.
If we would like to represent our information. We can insert a chart or graph. We will only be looking at bar graph / line graph or pie chart. A bar graph / line graph is great to show information over a time period. Like how tall you grew over a few years. A pie chart it really good to show percentages. Like how many boys vs. girls in a class.
In the exam, you’ll need to complete a budget sheet using spreadsheet software.